researchers to start exploring the
sub-field of human-drone interaction
and making user interfaces fly.
1. Throughout this work and consistent with
everyday language usage, we are using the
word drone to refer to unmanned aerial
vehicles, e.g., quadcopters. In no way are we
referring to military drones in this article.
2. Schneegass, S., Alt, F., Scheible, J., and
Schmidt, A. Midair displays: Concept
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4. Knierim, P., Maurer, S., Wolf, K., and
Funk, M. Quadcopter-projected in-situ
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awareness. Proc. of the 2018 CHI
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5. Knierim, P., Kosch, T., Schwind, V., Funk,
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6. Knierim, P., Kosch, T., Achberger, A.,
and Funk, M. Flyables: Exploring 3D
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Adjunct Proc. of the 12th International
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9. Avila, M., Funk, M., and Henze, N.
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Markus Funk leads the Human-Computer
Interaction group at the Telecooperation Lab of
TU Darmstadt. His research interests include
augmented reality, virtual reality, and human-drone interaction.
tracking systems. On-board tracking
uses sensors that are mounted on
the drone. This can be, for example,
a GPS device that keeps track of the
drone’s position, or a camera-based,
drone-mounted tracking system that
is creating a SLAM model.
External tracking is used when
cameras that are placed in the
environment are tracking the drone.
One example of an external tracking
method for drones is an Opti Track
system, which transmits the position
to a computer, and, in a feedback loop,
makes a decision on which action to
THE FUTURE OF HUMAN-DRONE INTERACTION
Human-drone interaction is a
relatively new field with a lot of
interesting application areas.
Delivery companies are already
experimenting with an automated
delivery system using drones.
Further, transportation companies
are building air taxis based on drone
technology. With these use cases,
we assume we will see an advance in
drone-carried positioning technology
in the next few years. This will
enable drones to autonomously
navigate in indoor environments
and to independently find charging
spots for their batteries. While the
public currently perceives drones as
dangerous, annoying, and loud, we
argue that drones will increasingly
be more socially acceptable. Cages
will increase the safety and social
acceptability of drones. Social
acceptability will also rise as drones
are used as accessibility devices [ 9]
(see sidebar). Given the popularity of
drones and the countless number of
use cases, now is a good time for HCI
DOI: 10.1145/3194317 COPYRIGHT HELD BY AUTHOR. PUBLICATION RIGHTS LICENSED TO ACM. $15.00
A visually impaired user with
a drone as an accessibility
device, which emits aural
navigation instructions [ 9].