1,500 schools. Teaching
aids have been translated
into three regional languages enabling reach beyond
English medium schools.
˲ Developed an unplugged curriculum to
overcome lack of infrastructure.
˲ Prioritized teacher
training and creation of
teaching aids. Some 250+
have created teaching aids
for 200+ lessons for grades
1–8 that are distributed
under CC license; 3,700
teachers from 1,850 schools
have been trained through
70 training programs, all at
no cost to schools.
From 5,000 students in
15 pilot schools in 2016–
2017, the initiative has been
steadily making inroads.
Press has partnered with
CSpathshala to publish CS
educational books, thereby
increasing the reach. While
the feedback from teachers
has been very encouraging,
the annual conference on
for schools11 revealed that
an increasing number of
teachers are integrating
with math curriculum as
well as developing innova-
tive pedagogical methods to
engage students. Teachers
are applying a systematic
and extending it to other
subjects. Formal studies will
be undertaken to measure
the impact of the program.
With CSpathshala, a for-
mal computing education
is now available to students
in rural India who have
traditionally been deprived
of the same.
1. ACM India’s education initiative
CSpathshala: Bringing computational
thinking to schools in India; www.
2. CAS-UK. Computing at School
Working Group http://www.
3. Computer Science Teachers Association.
4. Computer Science Unplugged:
5. CSpathshala curriculum; https://
6. Department of School Education and
Literacy Ministry of Human Resource
Development Government of India.
National Policy on Information and
Communication Technology In School
Education 2012; http://bit.ly/2K5ULyt
7. Government’s Unified District
Information System for Education
2016 Report; http://bit.ly/31neqPO
8. Iyer, S., Khan, F., Murthy, S., Chitta, V.,
Baru, M. and Vishwanathan,U. CMC: A
Model Computer Science Curriculum
for K- 12 Schools, 2013.
9. K– 12 Computer Science Framework.
10. New Jersey Mathematics Curriculum
Framework, 1997; http://bit.
11. Proceedings of the First Conference
on Computational Thinking in Schools.
(Pune, India, Apr. 2019).
12. Raman, R., Venkatasubramanian,
S., Achuthan, K. and Nedungadi, P.
Computer science education in Indian
schools: Situation analysis using
Darmstadt model. Trans. Comput.
Educ. 15, 2, Article 7 (May 2015)
Vipul Shah ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is Principal
Scientist at Tata Consultancy Services,
© 2019 ACM 0001-0782/19/11 A L
CSpathshala’s primary goals are
to promote computer science
education in K– 12, to influence
policymakers to introduce
computing into mainstream
curricula, and to train teachers
so that every child in India learns
computing as a science by 2030.
The CSpathshala education initiative teaches computer science
using “unplugged” activities.