Specialized IT Areas
Ansi C/C++, vC++ 6, vB6
vC++.Ne T/CLR, C#, vB.Ne T, ASP.Ne T, .Ne T
dotNetNuke, Silverlight, Telerik Sitefinity
Java, J2ee, Spring, Struts, hibernate, Swing, JuNIT, ANT
JBoss, Apache Tomcat
PhP4/5, Joomla, Wordpress, Magento, drupal
Zend Framework, CodeIgniter, CakePhP, Yii, Smarty
MySQL, MSSQL, MS Access, PostgreSQL, Oracle
jQuery, extjs, dhtmlx suite
h TML4.01, h TML5, Xh TML, CSS2.0, CSS3.0
XML, XSLT, Web Services
Flash, Flash AS3, Flex
phpNuke, phpBB, Symfony
Axis2, velocity, POI, JSF
Microsoft Speech API
google Android Phone, iPhone
J2Me, Brew, Perl
Web Applications, e-Commerce, Blogs, CRM, Social Networking
general Windows utilities, Windows/Linux Networking
Security and Cryptography
Korean, english, Japanese, Chinese
of ignorance and suspicion. It is not
well known yet as an outsourcing destination, particularly outside neighboring countries. All the local IT firms
have a Web site, but in most cases it is
only visible on the national intranet,
not externally. This is particularly difficult when trying to compete for attention with firms in other emerging
Asian IT locations like Vietnam or
Bangladesh, which often have a strong
Suspicion of all things North Korean
and a “guilt by association” that fails
to differentiate the political from the
commercial creates a serious barrier
for some clients. Perhaps as a result,
Europe—where historical relations
with the two Koreas are different—
may be a more feasible source of partners than the U.S. Certainly the overhanging geopolitical aspects must
be acknowledged: there are political
tensions, the Korean War has never
officially ended, and there are U.S.-imposed sanctions.
Alongside these factors are more
mundane barriers—potential clients
in the West lack contact lists or even
basic information about North Korea.
In practice, the country is quite easy to
visit, but it is time consuming to obtain
a visa, and Pyongyang has few direct in-
ternational flights and, as noted, lim-
ited Internet connectivity. To help cir-
cumvent these difficulties, some North
Korean IT firms operate offices abroad,
such as in China—there are examples
in Beijing, Dandong, and Dalian all
staffed by Korean software engineers—
through which outsourcing contracts
can be undertaken.
Carmel, E. and Tjia, P.
Offshoring Information Technology.
Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Hayes, P., Bruce, S., and Mardon, D.
North Korea’s Digital Transformation,
nautilus Institute, 2011; http://nautilus.
Korea Computer Center
Mansourov, A. Y.
North Korea on the Cusp of Digital
Transformation, nautilus Institute, 2011;
North Korea Tech Web portal
Software and animation in north Korea.
In Europe—North Korea. Between
Humanitarianism and Business?, M. Park,
B. Seliger, S.-J. Park, Eds., LIT Verlag, 2010.
Paul Tjia ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is the founder of gpI
Consultancy, an independent Dutch consultancy firm in
the field of global It sourcing that organizes study tours
to countries such as north korea and offers support
on offshoring strategy, country and partner selection,
offshore transition, and cultural training.