[ 2] The named perspec-
tives and rigorous inter-
pretation of the survey
results will possibly
K. Hanks, W. Odom,
D. Roedl, and E.
Blevis. (2008, under
and the Material
Effects of Interactive
Florence, Italy: ACM
of digital artifice and the unintended effects of
digital artifice on the natural world. The shadows in
the image have no material effects on this enduring
natural edifice. They are part of a human interaction with nature that does not destroy anything.
Which digital technologies have such a relationship
to nature? Few. Perhaps none.
Each of us has different behaviors with respect to
sustainability and materiality depending on perspective and context. I characterize the perspec-tives[ 2] as four in number—namely (i) individual
material success, (ii) legacy material success, (iii)
collective material success, and (iv) global collective fate. At
the outset, I would say that any one person is likely
to act according to different perspectives in different contexts and situations.
I should also record that my naming of these
perspectives owes in part to qualitative interpretation of quantitative survey data analysis conducted
by me and several key members of my Sustainable
Interaction Design Research Group (SIDRG). This
survey research was conducted in 2006 with a population of 435 general arts and science undergraduates enrolled in a general education required course
in information technologies. The research was
conducted by Kristin Hanks, David Roedl, William
Odom, and me, and reported elsewhere, including the derivations of these characterizations of
perspectives toward sustainability. Despite certain
empirical origins, some of what follows is speculative and intended as reflection and provocation to
interactions—political without apology.
The perspective of individual material success.
We can account for some actions as reflecting the
perspective of individual material success. The
perspective of individual material success is my
naming of the motivation for acts which (i) owe to
a preference for new things over old ones, and (ii)
which do not primarily owe to concerns about the
environment or other aspects of sustainability. The