DIVERSITY IN COMPUTING
A continuing challenge in computing disciplines is the lack of
diversity. The SIGCSE 2018 Symposium, with a theme of CS for
All, had numerous presentations on the topic. With the greater diversity found at two-year schools compared with four-year
schools in the United States, attention is turning to community colleges to help meet this challenge [ 14]. According to the
AACC (American Association of Community Colleges), 41% of
all undergraduate students in the U. S. attend community college.
Over half of all community college students are non-white [ 1].
ACM-W has been embracing the participation of community colleges [ 6]. In March of 2013 the first-ever community college regional Celebration of Women in Computing was held in
Kentucky. This successful conference has continued every other
year with the next one to be held in 2019. KYCC-WiC (Kentucky
Community Colleges Women in Computing) attracts attendees
from across Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, and Indiana. Corporate sponsors help keep costs low, especially for students [ 9]. A
continuing feature at SIGCSE promoting women in computing
has been the Town Meeting of the Committee on Expanding
the Women-in-Computing Community, a BOF for several years
running. The meeting provides a venue for both university and
community college educators to brainstorm, discuss, and disseminate ideas on successful gender issues projects [ 18].
In January 2018, an NSF-funded workshop titled, “Authentic
Inclusion of Community Colleges in Broadening Participation in
Computing” was held in Sunnyvale, CA. A report from the workshop is forthcoming, with some preliminary results presented at a
SIGCSE 2018 special session where the conversation continued [ 12].
One idea suggested by attendees of the workshop was an alliance
of community colleges and universities to jointly address the issues.
that needs to be woven throughout existing computing disciplines. Led by the CCECC, task
groups of community college
educators have worked to infuse cybersecurity throughout
the recent ACM curriculum
guidelines for two-year programs. Most recently the ACM
CCECC published Computer
Science Curricular Guidance for
Associate-Degree Transfer Programs with Infused Cybersecurity (CSTransfer2017) [ 4]. Based
on CS2013 [ 2], CSTransfer2017
is specially designed to aid in the
smooth transfer from associate
degrees to baccalaureate degrees. The curriculum contains
17 of CS2013’s 18 knowledge areas, and a variety of knowledge
units appropriate in the first
two years of a computer science degree. The guidance comprises over 200 learning outcomes, 64 of which are infused
with cybersecurity. A paper highlighting CSTransfer2017
and examples of three community college programs mapping
to CSTransfer2017 (El Paso Community College, Bluegrass
Community and Technical College, and Folsom Lake College)
was presented at SIGCSE 2018 [ 17].
ACM’s Information Technology Competency Model of
Core Learning Outcomes and Assessment for Associate-Degree Curriculum [ 3] for IT programs addresses industry
needs by offering 50 core outcomes for any IT program, with
flexibility to meet varying local industry needs. Influential
in producing these guidelines was the growing importance
of cybersecurity and specific cybersecurity outcomes are included among the 50.
Two Community College Corner ACM Inroads columns
in 2013 and 2014 highlight cybersecurity at community colleges in both AAS (Associate of Applied Science) and AS (
Associate of Science) transfer degrees. “Multifarious Initiatives
in Cybersecurity Education” [ 7] looks at the variety of associate degree programs in cybersecurity, focusing on those that
prepare students for jobs, and offers several resources. “
Creating 2+ 2 Education Pathways in Cybersecurity” [ 8] focuses
on transfer pathways in cybersecurity, highlighting specific
The Joint Task Force on Cybersecurity Education, a collaboration between ACM and other major international computing
societies, published Cybersecurity Curricula 2017 (CSEC2017),
guidelines for post-secondary degree programs in cybersecurity [ 11]. The current curriculum effort by the CCECC, code-named CSEC2Y, will provide guidelines for two-year programs
in cybersecurity based on CSEC2017.