COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM
36 This issue presents the first in
a series of regional special sections
that spotlight computing innovation
from around the world. Technology
advances from the China Region
are explored in a collection
of articles that focus on some
of the big trends and hot topics
shaping its computing landscape.
Watch the co-organizers
discuss this section
in the exclusive
5 Cerf’s Up
The Upper Layers of the Internet
By Vinton G. Cerf
7 Vardi’s Insights
Self-Reference and Section 230
By Moshe Y. Vardi
The Gap in CS, Mulling
176 Future Tense
Between the Abbey
and the Edge of Time
A photo marks my place,
then and now.
By Brian Clegg
11 AI, Explain Yourself
It is increasingly important
to understand how artificial
intelligence comes to a decision.
By Don Monroe
14 A New Movement in Seismology
Unused telecom fiber might
be used to detect earthquakes,
uncover other secrets in the soil.
By Neil Savage
16 Weighing the Impact of GDPR
The EU data regulation will affect
computer, Internet, and technology
usage within and outside the EU;
how it will play out remains to be seen.
By Samuel Greengard
20 Legally Speaking
The EU’s Controversial
Digital Single Market Directive
Should copyright enforcement
have precedence over the interests
of users in information privacy
and fundamental freedoms?
By Pamela Samuelson
24 Inside Risks
The Big Picture
A systems-oriented view
By Steven M. Bellovin
and Peter G. Neumann
How Machine Learning
Impacts the Undergraduate
The growing importance of machine
learning creates challenging
questions for computing education.
By R. Benjamin Shapiro,
Rebecca Fiebrink, and Peter Norvig
Using Any Surface to Realize
a New Paradigm for
environments use unique
customizable software processes
rather than traditional
rigid channel models.
By C. Liaskos, A. Tsioliaridou,
A. Pitsillides, S. Ioannidis, and I. Akyildiz
Crude and Rude?
Old ways in the new oil business.
By Janne Lahtiranta
and Sami Hyrynsalmi
About the Cover:
A spherical mosaic of some
of the images, icons, and
technologies depicted in
this issue’s special section
on the China Region.
Cover illustration by
Spooky Pooka at Debut Art.
IMAGES IN COVER COLLAGE: Naomi Wu photo courtesy of Naomi Wu/ Wikimedia
CC-B Y-SA- 4.0. AliExpress photo by Piotr S wat/ Shutterstock.com; PUBG player
photo by Hafiez Razali/ Shutterstock.com; subway photo by Chutharat Kamkhuntee/
Shutterstock.com; Xiaomi store photo by THINK A/ Shutterstock.com; robot
waiters photo by Inspired By Maps/ Shutterstock.com; smart-bike photo by tomocz/
Shutterstock.com; Lei Jun photo by zhangjin_net/ Shutterstock.com; Alibaba app photo
by Jonathan Weiss/ Shutterstock.com. Additional stock images from Shutterstock.com.