IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, Internet penetration is
near saturation and population growth is stagnant.
In contrast, the African population is young and
growing quickly. UNICEF estimates that by the end
of the century, 40% of the world’s population will be
African.a Where Africa in May 2016 had 16% Internet
penetration, the McKinsey Global Institute predicted
The U.S. State Department’s Internet Freedom
agenda is being adapted to help them communicate
without DNS and IP address filtering.
BY RICHARD R. BROOKS, LU YU, YU FU, OLUWAKEMI HAMBOLU,
JOHN GAYNARD, JULIE OWONO, ARCHIPPE YEPMOU,
AND FELIX BLANC
˽ West African governments try to restrict
access through Internet blackouts and
invasive surveillance, and pro-democracy
movements use the Internet to promote
free and fair elections.
˽ Innovative technologies for avoiding
detection produced by criminal botnets
are being adapted by legitimate network
services to increase network privacy
˽ What we viewed as a purely technical
project helped launch a grassroots
movement promoting freedom of
expression, transparency, and democracy
in West Africa that subsequently also
influenced the social, economic, and
political frameworks there.