like law and medicine, “which admit
humanities majors at similar, and
sometimes higher, rates as any other
branch of study.”
Zweben says the uptick in comput-
er science degrees is indicative of the
impact of the country’s push toward
STEM technologies, from which CS
benefits. Also, students see comput-
ing used pervasively—in hospitals,
cars, movies, getting the news, and ac-
cessing social media. “It is all over the
place, and the generation going to col-
lege today grew up with technology, so
they are very comfortable with it and
see what it can do,” says Zweben.
Last spring, Hal Salzman, professor
of Public Policy at Rutgers University,
and colleagues Daniel Kuehn and B.
Lindsay Lowell, interpreted National
Center for Education Statistics data
and what it means for the IT workforce.
In the April 2013 paper “Guest Workers in the High-Skill U.S. Labor Market,” Salzman et al. analyzed supply,
employment, and wage trends, finding that there are multiple routes to
IT employment, most of which do not
require a STEM degree. “Only about a
third of the IT workforce has an IT-related college degree. Thirty-six percent
of IT workers do not hold a college degree at all. Only 24% of IT workers have
a four-year computer science or math
degree,” the report said.
Contrary to many industry claims,
the Salzman paper found U.S. colleges
and universities provide an ample sup-
ply of highly qualified STEM graduates.
Guestworkers may be filling as many
as half of all new IT jobs each year, ac-
cording to the report, and IT workers
earn the same salaries today that they
did 14 years ago.
IT recruitment site Dice.com in
May also released a study, “America’s
Tech Talent Crunch 2013,” which also
cites National Center for Education
Statistics. Besides the growth in CS
and IT bachelor’s degrees, the Dice
study notes that associate’s degrees
in those fields rose 16% between 2010
and 2011 (totaling 37,677 in 2011), and
increased 36% (from 28,000) over the
previous four years. Between 2010 and
2011, 19 states conferred more two-year degrees than bachelor’s degrees,
the report says.
Asked what sorts of jobs IT workers
with AAs can get, Dice.com chairman,
president, and CEO Scot Melland said
his site typically sees people with that
level of qualification becoming entry-
level software developers, helpdesk
employees, and IT support personnel.
“At some community colleges, stu-
dents already have BAs in something
else and come back for AAs in IT,” says
Melland. “We find them in project
management or administrative jobs.”
The Dice study says the rise in BAs
and AAs with CS or IT degrees will
crowd the field. “As the growing de-
mand for tech workers meets a growing
supply—a higher number of new two-
year and four-year graduates entering
the workforce—the result may well be
more competitive pressure for job ap-
plicants and a tougher fight among the
best and brightest for coveted jobs on
and professor emeritus of Computer
Science and Engineering at Ohio
State University, who co-authored the
2011–2012 Taulbee Survey. “This is
the kind of one-year jump that’s really
hard to sustain,” he says.
The Taulbee Survey found the total
enrollment in bachelor’s degree-granting computer-related programs in the
U.S. (new computing students plus returning majors in computer engineering departments, information departments, and Canadian departments as
well as U.S. computer science departments) was 67,850 in 2012, up from
60,636 in 2011.
Over the past decade, the peak for
CS and IT education was 60,000 bachelor’s degrees granted in 2004, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. It took a while after the
2000 dot-com bust for the pipeline
to run its course and the number of
relevant degrees to diminish; the nadir was 38,000 in 2009, as undergrads
abandoned computer science in favor
of other disciplines. However, between
2009 and 2010, the decline in the number of IT bachelor’s degrees turned
around, jumping 4%.
It is not clear how many humanities degrees are being lost directly
to computer science and IT, but it is
known that degrees do not necessarily translate into jobs related to workers’ majors. The Harvard study noted
an “intellectual diaspora” for humanities majors, and said the humanities
still “represent solid launching pads
into professional schools” in fields
ne WeSt feLLo WS
the international association
for Cryptologic research (iaCr),
a non-profit supporting the
promotion of the science of
cryptology. recently announced
these additions to the ranks of
the organization’s Fellows:
˲ dan boneh, recognized for
opening new areas in cryptography
and computer security, and for innovative educational initiatives.
˲ ronald Cramer, for contri-
butions to cryptography, and sus-
tained educational leadership.
˲ Claude Crépeau, for pioneering work on the foundation
of oblivious transfer, two- and
multiparty protocols, informa-tion-theoretic security, and quantum cryptography.
˲ lars Knudsen, for contributions to the design and cryptanalysis of symmetric primitives and
for service to the iaCr.
˲ hugo Krawczyk, for contri-
butions to cryptography and tech-
nology transfer of cryptographic
research results to secure inter-
˲ victor s. miller, for contributions to elliptic curve cryptography, pairing based cryptography, and the lZW compression
˲ rafail ostrovsky, for contributions to the scientific foundations of cryptography.
ieee Booth a WaRD
Nell b. dale, one of the first
women to earn a doctorate in
computer science, was named
2013 recipient of the ieee
Computer Science Honors
Computer society taylor l. booth
award for her contributions to
computer science education.
dale, whose research research
has focused on computer science
education as an academic
discipline, previously received
the aCm siGCse award for
outstanding Contributions to
Computer science education,
was the first woman to receive
aCm’s Karl v. Karlstrom
outstanding educator award,
and is an aCm Fellow.