Key Survey Questions
QUeStiOnS FOr eMPlOYerS
QUeStiOnS FOr wOrKerS
Did your company outsource work
to third-party vendors outside
the country in 2007?
Yes no I don’t know
have you ever been displaced
from your job because your position
Did your company offshore job
functions to its foreign affiliates in 2007?
Yes no I don’t know
what positions are your company
most likely to offshore?
Financial Service Providers
customer Service Providers
in which state is your company
[drop-down list of u.S. states]• •
in what industry do you currently work?
[drop-down list of industries]• •
what is your current profession?
[drop-down list of professions]• •
what is your job level?
Professional/Technical Staff Member
what is your current salary?
[drop-down list of income ranges] • •
where do you offshore?
check all that apply.
[drop-down list of countries]• •
You indicated you were
displaced because your position
was offshored. what happened as
a result of your last displacement?
I was placed somewhere else
in the company
I was let go
how job characteristics correlate with
About 15% of all firms and 40% of
technology firms we surveyed engaged
in some offshoring activity, with about
30% offshoring IT workers. About 8%
of IT workers reported having been
displaced due to offshoring, more
than twice the percentage of any other
type of employee in the survey. How-
ever, this rate implies an annual dis-
placement rate of about 1% per year,
a relatively small fraction of the an-
nual worker turnover rate in the U.S.
economy. In addition, the offshoring
of some IT occupations (such as pro-
grammers and software developers)
was especially likely to be associated
with domestic job displacement.
Other occupations requiring more
interpersonal interaction (such as sys-
tems analysts) were less likely to be
offshored, and overseas employment
in other occupations (such as sales
and management) may have been di-
rected at serving offshore customers
and therefore were also less likely to
be associated with job displacement
in the U.S.
Data and methods
Our primary data comes from two
separate questionnaires, both ad-
ministered in the winter of 2007 by
a third-party survey firm on behalf of
one of the largest online recruitment
and career-advancement companies
in the U.S. The first focused on the
offshoring practices of 3,016 individ-
ual firms, including whether and why
they offshore and what types of work
and to what countries they offshore. It
was conducted within the U.S. among
hiring managers and human-resource
professionals employed full-time with
significant involvement in hiring de-
cisions. Respondents were also asked
about firm characteristics (such as
size and industry). The second was ad-
ministered to individual workers and
included questions relating to wheth-
er or not they had been displaced due
to offshoring. It was also conducted
within the U.S. (online) among 6,704
employees employed full-time and in-
cluded both firm characteristics (such
as size and industry) and employee
characteristics (such as age, salary,
and job level).