necks and increase incentives for investment in these services.
Recommendation. Government (
federal, state, local) should foster commercial innovation and itself make
strategic investments in IT R&D and
deployment so the U.S. retains a global
lead position in areas where it has particular mission requirements.
American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act of 2009
The recent global financial crisis has
had a major effect on the U.S. IT industry, which appeared to be recovering following the shocks of the early
part of the decade; 2008 was the first
year in almost two decades when there
were no IT initial public offerings on
U.S. stock exchanges. Even high-flying
Internet companies like Google have
sustained layoffs, though modest. The
effect is not limited to the U.S.; the
slowdown is evident throughout the
globalized IT industry.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ( http://www.irs.
html) provides significant funding for
infrastructure and research investment
as part of the U.S. government’s recent
economic stimulus package. The Act
provides $2.5 billion for distance learning, telemedicine, and broadband infrastructure for rural communities.
An additional $4.7 billion is available
for broadband infrastructure projects, including for expanding public
access to computers, such as through
community colleges and public libraries. And an additional $4.5 billion is
available to upgrade the electric grid
for enhanced electricity delivery and
energy reliability, and will likely make
extensive use of IT in the process. The
Department of Energy recently established the Advanced Research Projects
gov/), with initial funding of $400 million; initial science and technology
research awards were announced in
February 2009. Another $2 billion is
available to coordinate deployment of
advanced health IT. Finally, the National Science Foundation’s annual budget
is being enhanced by $2.5 billion, essentially increasing its annual budget
by 50%. This provides a much-needed
increment in foundational research
funding in IT. While this is intended as
the u.s. should
play to its
services the rest
of the world desires.
a one-time increase in funding, we are
optimistic that the Obama administration’s and Congress’s commitment to
science and technology will continue.
We thank the entire membership and
staff of the Committee on Assessing
the Impacts of Changes in the Information Technology Research and Development Ecosystem for their contributions to this report.
Members: Eric Benhamou (
Co-Chair), Randy H. Katz (Co-Chair), Stephen R. Barley, Andrew B. Hargadon,
Martin Kenney, Steven Klepper, Edward D. Lazowska, Lenny Mendoca,
David C. Nagel, Arati Prabhakar, Raj
Reddy, and Lucinda Sanders.
Staff: Jon Eisenberg, Joan D. Win-ston, Kristen Batch, and Morgan R.
each of the following national Academies
reports is available online and includes
extensive bibliographies for further
investigation of the issues discussed here.
Assessing the Impacts of Changes in the
Information Technology R&D Ecosystem:
Retaining Leadership in an Increasingly
Global Environment. national Academies
Press, Washington, D.C., 2009; http://www.
Computing the Future: A Broader Agenda
for Computer Science and Engineering.
national Academies Press, Washington,
D.C., 1992; http://www.nap.edu/catalog.
Funding a Revolution: Government
Support for Computing Research. national
Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 1999;
Rising Above the Gathering Storm:
Energizing and Employing America for
a Brighter Economic Future. national
Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2008;
Eric Benhamou ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is
chairman and cEo, benhamou global Ventures, LLc.
Jon Eisenberg ( email@example.com) is Director of the
computer Science and telecommunications board of the
Randy h. Katz ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is the United
Microelectronics corporation Distinguished Professor
in the Electrical Engineering and computer Science
Department at the University of california, berkeley.