DYNAMIC FERROFLUID SCULPTURE:
ORGANIC SHAPE-CHANGING ART FORMS
BY SACHIKO KODAMA
From ancient times, standing sculptures in Japan and elsewhere were made of
materials such as clay, stone, wood, or metal. Materials were formed, modeled, modified, cut, and reshaped using processes appropriate for them, and
the forms and textures of sculptures made from the materials did not change
except by abrasion or surface corrosion.
The invention of photography changed this world of unchanging art. Modern
materials and electric and machine technology came to be used in artworks and
inspired kinetic art such as that by Naum Gabo and László Moholy-Nagy was created.
Since then, numerous artists, designers, and architects have created moving, kinetic
Since the introduction of the computer (for example, in cybernetic art proposed by
Nicolas Shöffer), a number of artworks have been produced by processing external